WWF-International has provided assistance to PCAs in a range of ways including having supported their establishment, partnering with the national and local institutions that oversee them and sometimes, following invitation of the local government, having taken an active role in co-management. The current means of engagement for WWF International ranges from providing financial and/or technical support to a government and other stakeholders in the management of a PCA, to engaging in a co-implementation or co-management role with the government . There are also other PCA management models not included in WWF International’s approach, but implemented by other organizations, including ownership and delegated management.
Each management engagement model brings with it unique challenges and opportunities to the various stakeholders involved, including to WWF International. We believe that the best way to address these dilemmas is to have clearly defined expectations and standards for all parties involved, and to ensure these are adhered to.
We recognize that short-term and fragmented project funding cycles compound all the challenges of effective PCA management which requires long-term investment horizons to achieve sustainable conservation impact. Short-term constraints cannot be overcome without bringing together everyone that can make a difference from a systemic and long-term perspective. This is why we work with a diverse range of partners who each have their distinct knowledge, expertise and commitment, and their own unique role to play.
The partners that WWF works with to support PCA initiatives include government agencies; global, regional and local civil society organizations; Indigenous Peoples and local communities; non-Indigenous farmers, fishers, ranchers, and foresters; and private landholders, among others.
Engaging all stakeholders means addressing the barriers to participation faced by some groups in society, including local communities. Conservation will only be sustainable if it is owned by, and benefits, local people. That’s why Indigenous Peoples and local communities must be at the centre of action on climate and nature.