© James Morgan / WWF
We must transform our food systems to achieve healthy people and a healthy planet
We all need to eat, but today’s food systems are failing.

How we produce and consume food is the biggest driver of nature loss and a major cause of greenhouse gas emissions. Unhealthy diets are leaving billions obese, overweight or ill, but nearly 830 million are still going hungry. Huge amount of the food we produce is going uneaten - a waste of natural resources, human labour and money. Neither planet nor people are being nourished.

And our food systems are fragile. Unsustainable production and consumption, and inefficient distribution, leave them exposed to disruption. Climate change and nature loss are reducing food security around the world, but so are pandemics and conflict.

It’s clear our food systems need to change – urgently – to work with the planet, not against it. 



* indicates required

Food systems impacts rel= © WWF

The good news is that food systems can be part of the solution – not just to hunger, but to the nature and climate crises.

By adopting nature-positive production practices, shifting to healthy and sustainable diets and radically reducing food loss and waste, we can build food systems that protect and conserve nature while providing everyone with nutritious food, now and in the future. 

Transforming food systems is complex - there are many different pieces that need to be assembled to deliver healthy and sustainable diets for all. There needs to be action at multiple levels - coming together to address global goals, building pathways at the national level, and equipping other actors (like cities, businesses and individuals) to make better and more sustainable choices. Solving this Great Food Puzzle relies on the many stakeholders working within food systems to close the gaps that currently exist in the ambiiton and implementation of various commitments and plans.

We work with partners and stakeholders across food systems, using food to shape solutions to global issues like biodiversity, climate change and land use. Together we integrate action across several key areas of food systems, including nature-positive agriculture, healthy and sustainable diets, food loss and waste, blue foods and grasslands and savannahs. We identify and support implementation of innovations in these key areas, on the ground and in the water, working with various local stakeholders to deliver the maximum impact in the shortest amount of time.


WWF and Climate Focus have launched an interactive tool to help countries implement policies that will transform national food systems The Food Forward NDCs tool provides evidence-based policy options and measures for transitioning to nature-positive, healthy and resilient food systems. It follows the commitments made by more than 150 Heads of State at December’s climate COP to transform food systems. Accordingly, the new tool focuses on how nature-positive actions on food can be specifically included in national climate plans, including Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to the Paris Agreement.


Food Forward NDCs provides detailed policy options and measures in more than 30 specific areas - including improving access to food, reducing emissions from livestock, shifting to clean energy on the farm, implementing circular food systems, and increasing demand for sustainable healthy diets - categorised in five priority intervention areas. By considering which intervention areas - namely food environment, food governance, food production, food supply chains and food consumption - are most important in their particular context, along with whether climate change mitigation or adaptation is the more pressing concern, policymakers can identify the most relevant policy options that will help deliver NDC commitments, the Paris Climate Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals. 


The guidance has been compiled in collaboration with the UN Environment Programme, FAO, NDC Partnership, FAIRR Initiative, CGIAR, Global Alliance for the Future of Food, Biovision Foundation and the Agroecology Coalition, with financial support from the German government - specifically, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). 



Food intersects with most of the primary conservation issues. We work at the global level to shape agendas and ensure that food systems transformation is included as a solution to biodiversity loss, climate change and land-use change. We also focus on reshaping subsidies, incentives, taxes and investments, to shift away from encouraging harmful behaviours to rewarding healthy and sustainable practices.

Food for thriving biodiversity




Global targets for food systems transformation need to be downscaled to local contexts. Implementation will take place at the national and sub-national level. We take a food systems approach, working to scale nature-positive production, shift to healthier and more sustainable diets, and to eliminate food loss and waste. Our area-based conservation focuses on grasslands and savannahs, the ecosystems in which most food is produced - though they are often overlooked in conservation and transformation agendas.

Nature-Positive Production

Healthy and Sustainable Diets

Food Loss and Waste

Grasslands and Savannahs


Alongside national governments, there are many different groups who drive action on the ground. We work with food producers, businesses, individuals, cities and more to deliver action on the ground. This is a sample of the programmes run across multiple countries.

Our experts

Our experts from around the world work together to tackle the global food, nature and climate crises. Leading the team is João Campari, who, in roles ranging from working in his home country Brazil’s Ministry of Environment to international agencies such as the World Bank, has sought to balance agricultural production and food systems with conservation. Learn more about Joao and our specialists in policy, science and key areas of our work.