Enhancing National Climate Plans Through Nature-Based Solutions

Posted on March, 23 2020

How countries should include Nature-based Solutions in their climate plans

Under the Paris Agreement, countries can take more ambitious action on climate change by updating their climate plans (Nationally Determined Contributions or NDCs) in 2020. A new set of recommendations from WWF explores how these climate plans should include the opportunities offered by Nature-based Solutions. 

Nature-based Solutions are ecosystem conservation, management and restoration interventions designed to address a wide array of societal challenges, while also benefiting biodiversity and human well-being. Recently, Nature-based Solutions have emerged as essential tools to help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. 

To help countries in their efforts to take more ambitious climate action, WWF reviewed current guidance from several institutions on using Nature-based Solutions for climate change and how nature-based solutions were featured in existing NDCs.

From this review, we developed 8 simple recommendations that, if followed, will help countries show strong commitments to Nature-based Solutions.

This guidance was developed as a contribution to the NDC Partnership and made possible by the Support Project for the Implementation of the Paris Agreement (SPA), which is implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenrarbeit (GIZ) and funded by the German Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) under its International Climate Initiative (IKI).


The Bukit Tigapuluh, or “Thirty Hills,” landscape is one of the last great stands of rain forest in the deforestation hotspot that is the Indonesian island of Sumatra.
© Neil Ever Osborne / WWF-US