APP’s double default on creditors

Posted on March, 27 2012

 Asia Pulp & Paper (APP) has been accused of a “double default” on international creditors, after an investigation reveals that the company has decimated tropical forests it promised to conserve under “legally binding” debt restructuring agreements.
European, Japanese taxpayers unwittingly underwrite continued
forest and tiger habitat destruction.

Pekanbaru, Sumatra; Gland, Switzerland: Asia Pulp & Paper (APP) has been accused of a “double default” on international creditors, after an investigation revealed that the company has decimated tropical forests it promised to conserve under “legally binding” debt restructuring agreements.

“APP Default on Environmental Covenant,” a new report from Sumatra NGO coalition Eyes on the Forest, shows that the company in 2004 agreed to protect high conservation value forest under debt restructuring agreements it made with taxpayer-backed financial institutions in nine countries. The debt restructuring agreements were negotiated after APP in 2001 defaulted on a massive $US13.9 billion of debt and was delisted by the New York and Singapore stock exchanges.

The 2004 agreements covered the restructuring of $6 billion in debt to the taxpayer-backed export credit agencies of Germany, Japan, France, Austria, Sweden, Finland, Italy, Spain and Denmark. Under the agreement, APP – part of the giant Sinar Mas conglomerate - also promised to be fully sustainable by 2007, something it defined as producing all pulp exclusively from plantation wood. The company described the agreements as a “legally binding contractual obligation”.

Asia Pulp and Paper's wood suppliers are clearing natural forest in the
Click to enlarge (© Eyes of the Forest)

The Eyes on the Forest investigation shows that 2007 was the year APP’s wood suppliers began clearing the very areas of high conservation value forest in central Sumatra’s Pulau Muda that had been highlighted by APP as an example of a new “scientific basis for the sustainable development of our plantations and the management of our conservation areas”.

“Despite APP’s praise for the independent mapping of the high conservation value forest in the Pulau Muda rainforest, our analysis of recent satellite imagery shows a third of the identified 34,000 hectares has now been drained and cleared,” said Muslim Rasyid, co-ordinator of Jikalahari (Forest Rescue Network Raiu), a member of Eyes on the Forest.

Much of this clearing was legally questionable on other grounds, being on peat of more than four metres deep which when drained gives off colossal carbon emissions.

Promises cannot be trusted

“Even in legally binding agreements with government-backed credit institutions around the world, APP has demonstrated that its promises cannot be trusted,” said Rod Taylor, Director of WWF International’s Forest Programme.

“In just the last couple of months, it’s been revealed that APP and affiliates have cleared inside a self-declared tiger sanctuary, that the company has made claims about sustainability certifications that its certifiers reject, and that protected timber species are present in supplies to its pulp mills.”

APP has missed self-imposed deadlines of 2004, 2007, and 2009 of supplying its pulp mills exclusively from renewable plantation wood. An announcement it would finally fulfil this promise by 2015 was recently amended to a new deadline of 2020 – when there is a risk there will be little forest left in Sumatra. Eyes on the Forest calls on the ECAs and other investors to not finance APP’s plans to expand existing or open new pulp and paper mills in Indonesia, in China and around the world.

“WWF urges taxpayers to tell their export credit agencies to stop supporting the destruction of Sumatran and other tropical forests and driving elephants, tigers and orang-utans to local extinction,” said Nazir Foead, Conservation Director WWF-Indonesia.

”This is a company that defaulted on its debts and defaulted on the environmental covenants it agreed to as a condition of restructuring its debts. Any support to its plans to expand risks history repeating itself, with any new pulp mills adding to the over-capacity driving the assault on Sumatra’s natural forests and wildlife.

“This is not a business model that should be financed by any prudent financial institution or investor for replication in Borneo, Papua or anywhere else.”

For further information:
 “APP Default on Environmental Covenant,” a report by Eyes on the Forest (, a coalition of Sumatra NGOs including WWF Riau, can be found here

 The truth behind APP’s greenwash, by Eyes on the Forest, compares APP claims of sustainability and responsibility to its actual practices. See

 APP certifiers distance themselves from sustainability claims

 WWF-US last month detailed the link between APP’s destruction of Sumatran rain forests and U.S. toilet paper imports. To download the report and learn more about WWF’s tissue campaign, please visit
Phil Dickie,, +41 79 703 1952
Chris Chaplin,, +65 9826 3802

About WWF
WWF is one of the world's largest and most respected independent conservation organizations, with over 5 million supporters and a global network active in over 100 countries. WWF's mission is to stop the degradation of the Earth's natural environment and to build a future in which humans live in harmony with nature, by conserving the world's biological diversity, ensuring that the use of renewable natural resources is sustainable, and promoting the reduction of pollution and wasteful consumption. for latest news and media resources
A fresh footprint of a Sumatran tiger was found close to an area where 500 hectares of High Value Conservation Forest was cleared
© Eyes on the Forest
EoF observed deep peat canals releasing carbon emissions
© Eyes on the Forest
Around 3,500 hectares of High Conservation Value Forest was cleared throughout 2011
© Eyes on the Forest