Ceratotherium simum simum (population of Namibia)
Southern White Rhinoceros
Transfer of the population of Ceratotherium simum simum of Namibia from Appendix I to Appendix II with the following annotation:
“For the exclusive purpose of allowing international trade in: live animals to appropriate and acceptable destinations; and hunting trophies. All other specimens shall be deemed to be specimens of species included in Appendix I and the trade in them shall be regulated accordingly.”
Namibia has a strong track record on rhino conservation and with this proposal seeks alignment on the listing of its southern white rhino population with neighboring Swaziland and South Africa (down listing from App I to App II). WWF is in principle supportive of this amendment. However, WWF recognizes the need to be pre-emptive regarding possible exploitation that could occur under the annotations for trophy hunting and trade in live specimens. Neighboring countries have been subjected to pseudo hunting as a mechanism to obtain rhino horns for illegal trade and, indeed, the IUCN SSC-TRAFFIC report to the Secretariat (COP18 Doc 83.1 Annex 2) highlights discrepancies between Namibia’s trophy export data and that of other Parties that may warrant further scrutiny. Additionally, WWF has concerns around rhinos exported from other range states used to stock Asian farms with plans for commercial harvest of their horns and seeks clarity from the proponents as to how they will eliminate the risk of similar exploitation.