As the name suggests, this is the largest muntjac species and is characterized by short, thick pedicles and long antlers and tines.
Giant muntjac, large antlered muntjac
The giant muntjac is most closely related to the common muntjac (Muntiacus muntjac) with which it is sympatric. It has a red/brown coat.
Population and Distribution
The giant muntjac is found in the Annamite mountain chain and associated hill ranges of Lao PDR, Vietnam and eastern Cambodia. There is currently insufficient data to give accurate population numbers, and much information on its density and range is supplied through data from camera traps.
The IUCN believes current density levels suggest the population may have fallen sharply and is predicted to continue to deteriorate. The main threats are hunting and loss of habitat, primarily through slash and burn agriculture. Some data on the range of the giant muntjac is based on the location of trophy antlers. Hunting has become more of a threat as traps and hunting methods have become more sophisticated.
What is WWF doing?
If successful, the MOSAIC project will serve as a model for conservation throughout the entire Greater Mekong region.
- The giant muntjac was only discovered in 1994 - by researchers who were looking for information on the saola, another newly discovered species!
- Muntjacs are also known as barking deer
- Muntjacs are the oldest known deer, appearing 15-35 million years ago.