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The Coral Triangle has been a focus of WWF's efforts since 2007, reflecting the importance of working with countries on joint efforts towards effective ocean governance in the region.

WWF’s work in the Coral Triangle has aimed to deliver targets that contribute to the Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security (CTI-CFF) Regional and National Plans of Action, and also WWF’s goal to have more areas of the ocean and coasts under effective management, reduce footprint of key industry sectors and enhance food security, sustainable income, and improve livelihoods.

CTI-CFF at 4th Ministerial Meeting in Malaysia 
© Paolo Mangahas / WWF Coral Triangle
CTI-CFF at 4th Ministerial Meeting in Malaysia
© Paolo Mangahas / WWF Coral Triangle

WWF's Vision

That the oceans and coasts of the Coral Triangle, the world’s centre of marine biodiversity, are vibrant and healthy, within a changing climate, building resiliency of communities and food security, and contributing to improved quality of life for generations to come.

An ambitious agenda

WWF has long worked to conserve the Coral Triangle because of its outstanding biodiversity, its importance as a source of food, livelihood, and income for millions, and its role as a provider of ecosystems goods and services to a global population. Such work continues for the international community under the Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security (CTI-CFF).

A call to action

The marine and coastal resources of the Coral Triangle support over 360 million people in the region, and many more outside it. Climate change, and its potentially disastrous effects on ecosystems that sustain people and communities, has provided the compelling case for action.

Such action led to the establishment in 2009 of the multilateral CTI-CFF with six countries and numerous development partners including WWF. WWF has since worked actively in the CTI-CFF to address issues covered by the CTI-CFF 2020 Regional Plan of Action and National Plans of Action.

Targets for effective governance

WWF works closely with national programmes in Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, and the Solomon Islands, as well as in Fiji, a regional hub in the South Pacific and home to WWF’s Pacific Programme.

Using a Blue Economy approach, WWF’s work in the region aims for biodiversity conservation by reducing environmental footprints and improving climate change resiliency at the grassroots level. Effective ocean management is essential for the protection of marine ecosystems.

WWF’s work in the Coral Triangle has outlined specific targets under the CTI-CFF Regional Plan of Action, and in line with WWF’s imperative to see more areas being effectively managed.

By 2025, WWF aims to see:

  • At least 2 million hectares of new effective MPAs/MMAs in the Coral Triangle (created through WWF National Programme support), contributing to the Global Ocean Goal of 20% MPAs;
  • CTI-CFF region-wide sustainability measures and best tourism practices that are demonstrating protection of High Conservation Value areas and delivering economic and social benefits to coastal communities;
  • At least 25% of exported fisheries commodities from the Coral Triangle come from recognized and credible Fisheries and Aquaculture Improvement Projects (FIPs and AIPs);
  • Coral Triangle national government policies complying with all relevant regional (Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission) Conservation Management Measures (Harvest Control Rules, Harvest Strategy, Bycatch Mitigation) and being implemented to sustain key fisheries and marine resources;
  • The volume of IUU sourced fish entering export supply chains from the Coral Triangle region reduced to 5% from FY15 levels;
  • Illegal trade in marine turtle products sourced in the Coral Triangle reduced to 5 % from FY15 levels;
  • 3 million hectares of critical tuna spawning, nursery and migratory habitats designated as marine managed areas under legal protection and effective management; and
  • Spawning stock biomass of Pacific Bluefin, Southern Bluefin and Bigeye tunas increase from current critical levels of 4%, 9%, and 15% respectively to a 20% level of unfished populations.

Mechanisms for success

WWF is working to leverage effective, forward-looking policies and financial mechanisms for sustainable resource management and governance, to support sustainable development of Coral Triangle countries in a changing climate.

Collaborations such as the CTI-CFF provide common ground for governments, development partners, communities, research and academic institutions, investors, and other key stakeholders to contribute to the Regional Plan of Action (2020) and the corresponding 6 National Plans of Action.

The CTI-CFF and associated projects have attracted almost USD1.4 billion in combined funding since 2009. The CTI-CFF has developed the regional frameworks for the Coral Triangle Marine Protected Area System and Ecosystem Approaches to Fisheries Management (EAFM).