Africa needs stronger fisheries management, ministers told
The Forum of South West Indian Ocean Civil Societies reminded the inaugural Conference of African Ministers on Fisheries and Aquaculture (CAMFA) that 200 Million Africans were dependent on fisheries for food and livelihood.
“But despite the significant contribution of the fisheries sector, fisheries management in most African countries has been marginalized,” said Dr. Amani Ngusaru, from WWF.
“Most coastal African countries remain poor despite the vast resources in their respective Exclusive Economic Zones,” added Dr. Ngusaru.
However, the fisheries sector has low priority in national development programmes and in many cases is grossly underfunded. Governance failure in national and regional fisheries management bodies, the forum said.
Open access has denied most countries and indeed local communities the right to sustainably manage and benefit from their fisheries resources.
In its statement to ministerial conference which concluded Thursday in Banjul, Gambia, the forum said that “the meeting was a timely opportunity to canvass the common issues facing African fisheries and we firmly believe that this meeting should herald the beginning of a new era in management of fisheries resources.”
However, if the fisheries sector is to contribute towards the 6% annual growth of the agricultural sector in Africa, the sector needs to implement an ecosystem-based approach to fisheries and work rapidly to ensure fisheries access agreements are sustainable and equitable.
“Countries also need to mainstream climate change adaptation and mitigation, improve fisheries data (including stock assessments), and actively involve civil societies in decision making,” said Edward Kimakwa of the Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association (WIOMSA).
“The fisheries sector has greater potential if well developed to spur economic development, offer more employment opportunities and reduce poverty among the local population in Africa,” Dr Ngusaru said.
WWF – Worldwide Fund for Nature (www.panda.org)
WCS – Wildlife Conservation Society (www.wcs.org)
WIOMSA – Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association (www.wiomsa.org)
CORDIO – Coral Reef Degradation in the Indian Ocean (http://www.cordioea.org)
COMRED – Concertation Mondiale des Réseaux d'Éducation à Distance (http://www.comredafrica.org)
FORDIA – Concern for Development Initiatives in Africa (www.fordia.org)
IUCN – International Union for Conservation of Nature (www.iucn.org)
EAWLS – East Africa Wild Life Society (www.eawildlife.org)
MSC – Marine Stewardship Council (www.msc.org)
For further details please contact:
Dr Amani Ngusaru
WWF, Coastal East Africa Initiative
Dar es Salaam, TANZANIA
Mr Edward Kimakwa
Mr. Kimunya Mugo
WWF Eastern & Southern Africa Regional Programme
WWF is one of the world's largest and most respected independent conservation organizations, with more than 5 million supporters and a global network active in over 100 countries. WWF's mission is to stop the degradation of the earth's natural environment and to build a future in which humans live in harmony with nature, by conserving the world's biological diversity, ensuring that the use of renewable natural resources is sustainable, and promoting the reduction of pollution and wasteful consumption.
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