Science

The last 10 years have seen growing interest in the issue of climate change and empirical research on its impacts on marine turtles. Several review papers (see below) summarize our current state of knowledge, and a wealth of new research is being produced that will help us to understand not only the impacts of climate change on marine turtles and their habitats, but also how marine turtles may respond to changing conditions and the management options available to us to help reduce their vulnerability.

Click on the table headings to sort papers by topic or year. This section will be regularly updated as new research is published. If you know of relevant publications that are missing, please let us know: cctortugas@wwfca.org
Hawksbill turtle (<i>Eretmochelys imbricata</i>) laying eggs on a beach above high ... / ©: WWF-Canon / Martin HARVEY
Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) laying eggs on a beach above high water mark, Seychelles.
© WWF-Canon / Martin HARVEY
Topic Year Title Link
General 2013 Fuentes, MMPB, DA Pike et al. (2013) Resilience of marine turtle regional management units to climate change. Global Change Biology Volume 19, Issue 5, pages 1399–1406
Temperature 2013 Hawkes, LA, McGowan, A et al. (2013) Estimating sex ratios in Caribbean hawksbill turtles: testosterone levels and climate effects Aquatic Biology Vol. 18: 9–19
Temperature 2013 Mazaris, A.D., A.S. Kallimanis, et al. (2013) Phenological response of sea turtles to environmental variation across a species' northern range Proceedings Of The Royal Society B Biological Sciences Volume: 280 Issue: 1751 (2013-01-01) ISSN: 0962-8452
Temperature 2012 Katselidis, KA, Schofield, G et al. (2012) Females first? Past, present and future variability in offspring sex ratio at a temperate sea turtle breeding area. Animal Conservation Volume 15, Issue 5 p. 508-518
Temperature 2012 Wright, LI, KL Stokes et al., (2012) Turtle mating patterns buffer against disruptive effects of climate change Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 279 (1736): 2122-2127
Temperature 2012 Saba, V.S., C.A. Stock et al. (2013) Projected response of an endangered marine turtle population to climate change. Nature Climate Change Volume: 2 Issue: 11 (2012-01-01) p. 814-820
Temperature  2012 Weber, S. B., A. C. Broderick, et al. (2012) Fine-scale thermal adaptation in a green turtle nesting population  Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 279(1731): 1077-1084 
Management  2012 Fuentes, M. M. P. B., M. R. Fish, et al. (2012) Management strategies to mitigate the impacts of climate change on sea turtle's terrestrial reproductive phase  Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 17(1): 51-63 
Management  2012 Patino-Martinez, J., A. Marco, et al. (2012) A potential tool to mitigate the impacts of climate change to the caribbean leatherback sea turtle  Global Change Biology 18(2): 401-411. 
Temperature  2011 Van Houtan, K. S. and J. M. Halley (2011) Long-Term Climate Forcing in Loggerhead Sea Turtle Nesting  Plos One 6(4). 
Temperature  2011 Stewart, K., M. Sims, et al. (2011) Leatherback nests increasing significantly in Florida, USA; trends assessed over 30 years using multilevel modeling  Ecological Applications 21(1): 263-273 
Temperature  2011 Ozdemir, A., C. Ilgaz, et al. (2011) The effect of the predicted air temperature change on incubation temperature, incubation duration, sex ratio and hatching success of loggerhead turtles  Animal Biology 61(4): 369-383 
Extreme weather  2011 Fuentes, M. M. P. B., B. L. Bateman, et al. (2011) Relationship between tropical cyclones and the distribution of sea turtle nesting grounds  Journal of Biogeography 38(10): 1886-1896 
Temperature  2011 Booth, D. T. and A. Evans (2011) Warm Water and Cool Nests Are Best. How Global Warming Might Influence Hatchling Green Turtle Swimming Performance  Plos One 6(8) 
Sea-level rise  2011 Fuentes, M. M. P. B., C. J. Limpus, et al. (2011) Vulnerability of sea turtle nesting grounds to climate change  Global Change Biology 17(1): 140-153 
Temperature  2010 Segura, L. N. and R. Cajade (2010) The effects of sand temperature on pre-emergent green sea turtle hatchlings   Herpetological Conservation and Biology 5(2): 196-206 
Temperature  2010 Witt, M. J., L. A. Hawkes, et al. (2010) Predicting the impacts of climate change on a globally distributed species: the case of the loggerhead turtle  Journal of Experimental Biology 213(6): 901-911 
Temperature  2010 Mitchell, N.J. and F.J. Janzen (2010) Temperature-Dependent Sex Determination and Contemporary Climate Change. Sexual Development   Sexual Development (2010) vol. 4 pp. 129-140 
Temperature  2010 Fuentes, M. M. P. B., M. Hamann, et al. (2010) Past, current and future thermal profiles of green turtle nesting grounds: Implications from climate change  Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 383(1): 56-64 
Sea-level rise  2010 Fuentes, M. M. P. B., C. J. Limpus, et al.  (2010) Potential impacts of projected sea-level rise on sea turtle rookeries  Aquatic Conservation-Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 20(2): 132-139 
Extreme weather  2010 Garcon, J. S., A. Grech, et al. (2010) Relative Exposure Index: an important factor in sea turtle nesting distribution  Aquatic Conservation-Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 20(2): 140-149. 
Temperature  2010 Fuentes, M. M. P. B. and J. E. Cinner (2010) Using expert opinion to prioritize impacts of climate change on sea turtles' nesting grounds 
Temperature  2010 Hays, G. C., S. Fossette, et al. (2010) Breeding Periodicity for Male Sea Turtles, Operational Sex Ratios, and Implications in the Face of Climate Change  Conservation Biology 24(6): 1636-1643 
Extreme weather  2010 Fuentes, M. M. P. B. and D. Abbs (2010) Effects of projected changes in tropical cyclone frequency on sea turtles  Marine Ecology-Progress Series 412: 283-292 
Temperature  2009 Mazaris, A. D., A. S. Kallimanis, et al. (2009) Sea surface temperature variations in core foraging grounds drive nesting trends and phenology of loggerhead turtles in the Mediterranean Sea  Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 379(1-2): 23-27. 
Temperature  2009 Schofield, G., C. M. Bishop, et al. (2009) Microhabitat selection by sea turtles in a dynamic thermal marine environment  Journal of Animal Ecology 78(1): 14-21 
General  2009 Godley, B. J. (2009) Incorporating climate change into endangered species conservation: Introduction  Endangered Species Research 7(2): 85-86 
Sea-level rise  2009 Mazaris, A. D., G. Matsinos, et al. (2009) Evaluating the impacts of coastal squeeze on sea turtle nesting  Ocean & Coastal Management 52(2): 139-145 
Management  2009 Pintus, K. J., B. J. Godley, et al. (2009) Impact of Clutch Relocation on Green Turtle Offspring  Journal of Wildlife Management 73(7): 1151-1157 
Review  2009 Poloczanska, E. S., C. J. Limpus, et al. (2009) Vulnerability of marine turtles to climate change  Advances in Marine Biology, Vol 56. D. W. Sims. 56: 151-211 
Temperature  2009 Pike, D. A. (2009) Do Green Turtles Modify Their Nesting Seasons in Response to Environmental Temperatures?  Chelonian Conservation and Biology 8(1): 43-47 
Temperature  2009 Layton, E. J., T. Wibbels, et al. (2009) Developing a Comprehensive Long-term Database on Nesting Beach Temperatures of the Loggerhead Sea Turtle in the Southeastern U.S: Applications and Implications for Global Climate Change 
General  2009 Newson, S. E., S. Mendes, et al. (2009) Indicators of the impact of climate change on migratory species  Endangered Species Research 7(2): 101-113 
General  2009 Hawkes, L. A., A. C. Broderick, et al. (2009) Climate change and marine turtles  Endangered Species Research 7(2): 137-154 
General  2009 Robinson, R. A., H. Q. P. Crick, et al. (2009) Travelling through a warming world: climate change and migratory species  Endangered Species Research 7(2): 87-99 
General  2008 Hays, G. C. (2008) Sea turtles: A review of some key recent discoveries and remaining questions  Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 356(1-2): 1-7 
Review  2008 Blanvillain, G., L. D. Wood, et al. (2008) Sex ratio prediction of juvenile hawksbill sea turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) from South Florida, USA 
Temperature  2008 Yasuda, T., K. Kittiwattanawong, et al. (2008) Seasonal changes in reproductive output of a year-round nesting population of the green turtle Chelonia mydas at Huyong Island, Thailand  Amphibia-Reptilia 29(4): 559-566 
Temperature  2008 Mazaris, A. D., A. S. Kallimanis, et al. (2008) Do long-term changes in sea surface temperature at the breeding areas affect the breeding dates and reproduction performance of Mediterranean loggerhead turtles? Implications for climate change  Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 367(2): 219-226 
Temperature  2008 Chaloupka, M., N. Kamezaki et al. (2008) Is climate change affecting the population dynamics of the endangered Pacific loggerhead sea turtle?.   Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 356 (1-2): 136-143 

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