The way forward

WWF asks the global coffee market to work with the organisation and its partners ForesTrade and Rainforest Alliance to take conservation action and protect Bukit Barisan Selatan's rhinos, tigers and elephants. This report recognises the important contribution robusta coffee makes to Lampung's economy and does not at any point suggest or advocate that global coffee companies stop sourcing coffee from the province.
WWF also recognises that the demand for Indonesian robusta, although a key driver of forest destruction, is just one issue that needs to be addressed. A range of local stakeholders, including park authorities, coffee farmers, traders, exporters, district, provincial and national governments have a key role to play in halting further degradation and restoring the forests of Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park.

WWF recommendations for each stakeholder include the following;

International roasters and traders
  • Continue to buy robusta coffee from Lampung, Sumatra, but develop and implement rigorous chain of custody controls that will exclude all illegal, and unsustainably grown coffee, from the supply chain.
  • Work with WWF to provide incentives to encourage growers to switch to verifiable and sustainable coffee production on legal lands;
  • Work with WWF and government agencies to protect BBS National Park from new encroachment;
  • Work with WWF and government agencies to restore the forests of BBS National Park.

Park authorities
  • Enforce existing laws and regulations;
  • Prevent all new encroachment;
  • Launch education and awareness programmes on the importance of the park in terms of its biodiversity value, aimed at communities living around the park, local government and the private sector.

District, province and national authorities
  • Enforce existing laws and regulations;-
  • Develop regulations that prevent infiltration of illegally grown coffee into the global market;
  • Support efforts to protect the park and stop issuing illegal land permits that conflict with park boundaries;
  • Provide land for sustainable coffee production outside park boundaries.

The way forward

Since concluding field research for this report, WWF has approached the largest coffee companies identified as receiving BBS coffee to seek their commitment to protection of Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park and a sustainable, legal coffee supply in Lampung Province. WWF believes that harnessing global market forces, such as the purchasing power of multinational coffee companies, can and should result in direct benefits to this World Heritage site and its critical habitat for tigers, rhinos and elephants.
One company, Nestlé, has begun to take some action on the ground to clean up part of its chain of custody and to advise farmers on how to produce higher quality coffee. Some companies have responded to our initial overture favorably, at least promising to improve the situation. Others have denied being a part of the problem or failed to respond at all.

The global WWF network, with offices in 50 countries around the world, will continue to identify and approach companies receiving coffee from Lampung and encourage them to help protect the Sumatran rhino, tiger, and elephant and undo the damage coffee has done to this unique national park.

To successfully undertake this massive program (45,000 hectares of national park destroyed by coffee plantations), WWF has entered into an alliance with ForesTrade, a company with a long history of establishing sustainable development programs in Sumatra, and Rainforest Alliance, an organization best known for its global efforts to certify sustainably produced coffee. WWF is also in discussions with the new Common Code for the Coffee Community (4C) Association to encourage its members to help
  1. Prevent that coffee production does even more damage to BBS NP and
  2. Undo the damage coffee production has already done.

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