Mangrove & fisheries management and poverty reduction in Ambaro Bay
Regulations on natural resources use are often not enforced. Due to illegal logging and cooking charcoal production, the rate of mangrove loss is quite alarming. The project will focus on four villages: Antsatrana, Ankazomborona, Ampasivelona and Antenina. Altogether, 4,180 ha of mangrove stands (approx. 20% of Ambaro Bay’s mangroves) belong to these villages account.
In addition, from March until June, many migrants from inland come to the coasts increasing up to tree folds the coastal villages’ population. The migrants are often inexperienced fishermen and little interest in sustainable resource use. Countless juvenile shrimps, which are still too small for consumption, are caught in the tight-meshed nets (often mosquito nets) preventing stocks from regenerating. It is estimated that up to 40% of the catch is from illegal nets.
Due to climate change, the project area is particularly affected by rising temperatures (air and sea waters), shorter and more intense rainy seasons, increased erosion and sedimentation in the mangroves, longer periods of strong winds, and an increasing number of cyclones. Mangroves are intrinsically resilient and adaptive against climate change. However, mangrove increasing destruction causes the decline of its natural capacity to cope with extreme events. Poor communities, whose livelihoods are dependent on mangrove use, have no alternative income sources and are particularly vulnerable to climate change effects.
- Andry Andriamiadanarivo, Madagascar
- Stephanie Farrell, UK
- Monica Chiriac, Romania
- Sidonie Maurin, France
- Clara Obregón Lafuente, Spain
- Lovasoa Espérance Razafindrazony, Madagascar
- Marco Simons, Switzerland/UK