Originating high on the Tibetan Plateau, the Indus River flows more than 3,000km before emptying into the Arabian Sea.
It is here where the fan-shaped delta forms an extensive system of swamps, mudflats, creeks, estuaries, marshes and mangroves forests.
The Indus River Delta
is an important region for migrating water birds, and is an area rich in fish, including giant snakehead (Channa marulius
), Indus baril (Barilius modestus
), Indus garua (Clupisoma naziri
) and Rita catfish (Rita rita
It is also home to one of the few species of freshwater dolphin, the Indus river dolphin
Keeping the flow
along the river reduce flows, particularly in lower parts of the Indus River, limiting the transport of much-needed fertile sediments downstream into the delta. They also fragment freshwater habitat, posing a serious threat to the survival of the river dolphin and other species.
Water extraction for irrigation, runoff of chemicals into the river and introduced species also threaten the delta's freshwater species.
WWF works in Pakistan to conserve Indus river dolphin habitat and reduce water pollution. The international environmental organization also focuses on freshwater scarcity in the coastal areas of the Indus Delta.