Spaces for conserving biological and cultural diversity and for contributing to reduction of poverty and of social exclusion
Covering an area of 6.7 million km2 (larger than Europe), the Amazon Biome is both complex and fascinating. Not only is it the world’s largest tropical forest, but it contains 10% of the planet’s known biodiversity and its rivers discharge 15% of the world’s freshwater into the Atlantic ocean.
The number of mammals, birds, amphibians and reptiles that can be found in the biome is truly impressive, not counting the astonishing diversity of plants and invertebrates. But there is an impressive cultural diversity too. The Amazon is home to over 34.1 million people living in the eight countries that share the Amazon Biome: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela and one overseas territory (French Guiana). Of this total, almost 2.7 million are Amazonian indigenous people (9.2% of the Amazonian population) representing over 350 ethnic groups, 60 of which still live in voluntary isolation1.
Over three thousand indigenous territories have been identified within the Amazon Biome. These areas represent 35% of the Amazon region2. When protected areas are added to this percentage, 49.4% of the biome is under some type of management and protection.