What we doReducing human-wolf conflicts and managing those that arise will be important steps if humans and wolves are to coexist peacefully. Through education, tourism, and effective management, WWF is working to enhance the acceptance of wolves in the Alps.
Distribution in the Alps
Unprotected livestock are vulnerable to attacks by wild predators like the wolf. The damage caused results in a decrease in wolf acceptance in the affected regions. Promoting livestock protection strategies is thus a major focus for wolf conservation.
LIVESTOCK PROTECTION projects: A major conflict issue that limits acceptance of large carnivores in the Alps is the presumed threat of bears, wolves, and lynx to the livestock industry. WWF is promoting the use of livestock protection strategies to enhance the acceptance of large carnivores in communities across the Alps. Reintroducing the use of specially trained guard dogs and protective fences are key strategies that WWF is testing. The successful implementation of these strategies will help to reduce conflict between humans and the returning large carnivores.
The LIFE COEX project: The LIFE COEX project aims to enhance large carnivore acceptance in regions across Southern Europe, including important Alpine wolf territory, through a participatory approach. In the French Alps, for instance, the hard work of volunteers have helped livestock raisers to construct huts and protective fences, as well as helping with day-to-day shepherding activities. WWF coordinates the conservation activities for the project in France.
- Wolf conservation in the Swiss Alps (French/German/Italian)
- Wolf conservation in the Austrian Alps (German)
- Wolf conservation in the Italian Alps (Italian)
- Wolf conservation in the French Alps (French)
- MALME (Metapopulation Approach for large Mammals in Europe) - the wolf in Europe (English)
- KORA report on the wolf in Europe and Switzerland (German)
- Wolf online information system for Europe (English)
© Infographics for the Alpine ecoregion. © WWF European Alpine Programme
Wolves cause less than 0.5% of the total livestock damage in Europe.