© WWF / Jo BENN
Zambia is also highly endowed with abundant water resources from rivers, lakes and wetlands. Biodiversity in freshwater bodies face threats such as pollution, poor fishing methods and overfishing.
The Zambezi river basin, which covers eight (8) riparian states in Southern Africa (Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Namibia, Botswana, Mozambique, Tanzania), is a major source of freshwater for the entire region. The greatest challenges are the various competing demands for water usage ranging from energy generation, abstraction for crop irrigation purposes as well as domestic and industrial uses.
Zambia recently discovered uranium deposits in the north western part of the country in upper Zambezi river basin and mining is currently under way. Recognizing that uranium is a highly radioactive material and Zambia being a member of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), it is incumbent upon the Zambian government to ensure that there is maximum protection at all times. The greatest threat is contamination of the Zambezi river basin, home to about 65 million people.
WWF Zambia has been working to address various threats and other challenges facing biodiversity conservation in Zambia for the benefit of humanity and the environment. With support from various cooperating and implementing partners, WWF Zambia has several programmes across the country aimed conserving Zambia’s biodiversity.