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WWF Uganda

Some of Uganda's iconic vegetation

Biodiversity and Ecosystems in Uganda

Uganda is a landlocked country with an area of 241,551 km2 (roughly the size of the UK) with a significant natural resource endowment of forests, savannah grasslands, woodlands, glacial mountains and an abundance of lakes, wetlands and rivers.

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Uganda also has the highlands of Bwindi Impenetrable and Mgahinga National Parks, which are both home to the magnificent but endangered mountain gorilla, one of WWF’s global flagship species.

Uganda has unique and diverse biodiversity, partly due to its distinctive bio-geographical location. Seven of the eighteen (39%) plant kingdoms in Africa exist in Uganda and the biological diversity rates as one of the highest on the continent. More than half of all African bird species and 10% of bird species globally are represented in Uganda. About 345 mammal species are found in Uganda, the second largest collection in Africa. In terms of landscape, the East African savannahs and the West African rainforests meet in Uganda, giving rise to a stunning ecological portrait.
The role of biodiversity in contributing to Uganda’s sustainable development and poverty alleviation goals cannot be over-emphasized. The gross economic output attributed to biological resources from fisheries, forestry, tourism, agriculture and energy sectors, is estimated to be in excess of US$ 546.6 million a year. Biodiversity support to economic output indirectly is worth at least US$ 200 million a year.

Latest news and publications
09 Dec 2018

Last week, World Wide Fund for Nature Uganda Country Office staff received a capacity building ...

27 Nov 2018

WWF-UCO together with leading Civil Society Organizations under their umbrella Civil Society ...

27 Nov 2018

The use of firewood combined with rudimentary technologies for cooking and lighting such as the ...

26 Nov 2018

Immaculate Tumwebaze is one of the 18 members of Katara Women Poverty Eradication Group (KWPEG) ...

26 Nov 2018

Rwenzori Mountain region ecosystems and people are vulnerable to climate change impacts due to an ...

26 Nov 2018

River Enyau is heavily polluted and silted putting lives of thousands of people and businesses that ...

26 Nov 2018

With an ever increasing population and rising incidences of human-wildlife conflict driven by ...

17 Nov 2018

WWF-UCO as a national executive committee (NEC) member of UNACC provides technical and financial ...

05 Nov 2018

The Clean Energy Project is supporting District Local governments (DLGs) in the Albertine Graben to ...

05 Nov 2018

WWF is using nature based enterprises to boost community livelihoods and protect nature

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According to the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA)  Uganda’s elephant population decreased by 85%, between 1960 and 2010.
© According to the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) Uganda’s elephant population decreased by 85%, between 1960 and 2010. © WWF-Uganda