Beautiful coastlines disappearing under concrete
are some of the most productive and biologically diverse on the planet. They're also the most densely populated: according to the UN
, 60% of the world's population - more people than inhabited the entire planet in 1960 - live within 60km of the coast.
On top of this, 80% of all tourism takes place in coastal areas, with beaches and coral reefs amongst the most popular destinations.
Some of the most pressing tourism and coastal development problems are caused by:
In addition, in many cases local people do not benefit from tourism. Mass tourism often destroys local culture without contributing significantly to local income - most of the profits flow to foreign tour operators and investors. A knock-on effect can be reduced support by local people for protecting their environment.