Wildlife use and trade in New Guinea concerns several species that are in high demand either for local subsistence, or for export. As forests are opened up by logging and forest conversion for plantations, there is a risk that the scale of wildlife exploitation will increase significantly, with dramatic consequences for target species.
The problem with trading wildlife
Wildlife trade represents the second-biggest direct threat to species survival after habitat destruction.
The most obvious problem associated with wildlife trade is that it can cause overexploitation to the point where the survival of a species hangs in balance.
Historically, such overexploitation has caused species to become either severely threatened or extinct, and as human populations have expanded, demand for wildlife has only increased.
A closer look at…