The ecological network is an essential spatial planning standard for long-term conservation of biodiversity. Given the pace and scale of natural habitat deterioration in the Amur-Heilong River Basin, creation of a representative ecological network is the most important and urgent initial step to development of any wider ecosystem management regimes.
Transboundary Ecological Network
The ecological network should encompass a representative sample of habitats and species, such as valuable wetlands sustaining species migration routes, high-conservation-value forests, protecting populations of large mammals and securing natural spawning sites for rare fish.
The Amur-Heilong Green Belt - an ecological network uniting the goals and strategies of the protected area systems in the three countries - would be a critical step toward establishing a more widespread and ecologically effective protected area system in the Amur-Heilong River Basin as a whole. Conservation along the national borders should be at the heart of future protected areas planning, contributing to environmental safety and harmonious coexistence of neighbouring countries. Cooperation between nature reserves across the border is already underway in the regions where international protected areas are established: Dauria International Protected Area - DIPA in Daurian steppe and International Khanka nature reserve at Lake Khanka/Xingkaihu. Such cooperation is also needed in virtually all major boundary regions of the Amur-Heilong River Basin, especially on Sanjiang wetlands in the Amur Midflow. Conservation of Far Eastern Leopards – the most endangered cat in the world - requires establishment of the Land of Leopard - a cross-border protected area network linking Southern Primorye in Russia to Changbai Mountains on Sino-Korean border.
Ecological network in the making
- Sino-Russian cooperation in Amur biodiversity conservation
- China declares new protected areas
- First national park established in Russian Far East
- Second national park in Russian Far East boosts Siberian tiger conservation
- A new national park for Russian tigers
- Amur Region meets Gift to the Earth commitments
- The Amur River Upper Reaches will be Protected
- Protected Areas will be established for conservation of commercially important fish species
- A unified protected area will be established in the Russian Far East for the last 30 Far Eastern leopards.
- A new decree gives hope for survival of thirty remaining Far-Eastern leopards
- Amur River concerns came to light at the Ramsar Conference
- WWF Awarded Leaders for a Living Planet (LLP) in Jilin Province
- Supporting Capacity Development for Onon Balj National Park, Eastern Mongolia