WWF recent research proved that annual poaching of animals and plants in the Altai-Sayan Ecoregion annually exceeds legal norms.
The main reasons for poaching are hunting for food, trade (market demand for skins and bodies of the animals) and lack of enforcement control.
Elk, musk deer, argali, wolves, and bears are traded regularly into China. Marmot pelts are being traditional goods for illegal trade to Russia for many years because of high demand on the Russian market. Saiga is being hunted for its horns that are valued in Chinese medicine. Large falcon trading (ger falcon, saker falcon and peregrine falcon) exclusively connected with demand for hunting birds in Arab countries remains at previous levels of approximately 100 birds a year.
Snow leopards are under threat due to its fantastic skin and any other part of the body good for Asian medicine. Besides there is a conflict between a snow leopard and local herders who kill the predator for attacking the cattle in the corrals and pastures.
Stronger enforcement and alternative income options for improvement of livelihood are the most effective measures against the threat of poaching.