Isolated populations occur in Mongol Altai mountains, Khan Khokhii mountain range, Khoridol Saridag Mountain of Khovsgol and by the upstream of Arsai river. During the summer in the Altai, Khangai mountains, they migrate up to the glacier meadows, moving back down in winter.
Within the ecoregion, the musk deer is distributed in Khovsgol, Tsagaan Shuvuut and Khan Khokhii Mountain Ranges in Mongolia and in Republics of Altai, Tyva and Khakassia in Russia. Demand for musk pod which is used for beauty and medicine causes the increase of illegal hunting. Major predators are wolf, wolverines, lynx and bear.