What is the the scale and what are the implications of illicit wildlife trafficking? Why does it matters to society and how should the different actors respond going forward?
Based on a series of interviews with government representatives and relevant international organizations, Dalberg Global Development Advisors concluded that: “The current global approach to fighting illicit wildlife trafficking is failing, contributing to the instability of society and threatening the existence of some illegally traded species.”
According to the report, illegal trade in wildlife, including timber and fish:
- Comprises the fourth largest global illegal trade after narcotics, counterfeiting of products and currency, and human trafficking, and is estimated to be worth at least US$19 billion per year;
- Is a lucrative business for criminal syndicates because the risk involved is low compared to other crimes and high profits can be generated;
- Hinders social and economic development, including potential economic loss for governments, and has direct consequences on rule of law, national and international security and the environment.