natural resource management
CASE STUDY: THE TERAI ARC LANDSCAPE OF NEPAL
Biogas: In the Nepal region of the Terai Arc landscape of the Eastern Himalayas over 7,500 domestic biogas plants (which generate fuel from dung), have been installed with WWF's support; saving over 100,000 tonnes of fuelwood a year, diminishing carbon emissions, and providing communities with a safe, clean, reliable source of fuel.
Watch a short film about WWF's biogas project here >>
Community forests: Under WWF's guidance thousands of hactares of forest have been handed over to communities in Nepal as sustainably managed 'community forests'.
Providing communities with ownership generates a sense of responsibility for the forests and a reason to manage them sustainably. There are now over 200 Comunity Forest User Groups, benefiting over 30,000 households.
WWF's Living Himalayas Initiative plans to develop this approach across the Eastern Himalayas and across the different habitats of the region (including forests, wetlands and grasslands).
© Simon de TREY-WHITE / WWF-UK
© Simon de Trey-White / WWF-UK
The objective is to create a conservation complex totaling 7 million ha across the top of the world - stretching from central Nepal across Bhutan to Arunachal in NE India - connecting 1,500 km of conservation area.
This will be acheived by bringing 2 areas in Nepal (100,000 ha), 2 areas in Sikkim (250,000 ha), and a large 3.1 million ha area in Arunachal under conservation management. Adding 3.5 million ha to the existing total.
These large landscape level conservation measures will ensure the ecological integrity of the forest, grassland, and freshwater ecosystems. Sustaining natural resources for communities, and increasing the resilience of the ecosystem they are in.
© WWF Living Himalayas
Conservation education forms an integral part of WWF's projects and programmes. At the local level WWF has initiated and promoted awareness among the communities of the Eastern Himalayas, to conserve biological diversity in a way that is ecologically viable, economically beneficial, and socially equitable.
Through non-formal training, communities will learn to understand how to identify and measure biodiversity values, and will be trained to integrate these with management plans. This will provide community groups with the skills to promote and adopt sustainable grazing practices. Reducing grazing pressure, and improving forest cover and quality. Similar techniques will also be applied to grasslands and wetlands.
© Simon de Trey White/ WWF-UK
- Climate change adaptation and biodiversity conservation will be mainstreamed into the management of river systems.
- A mosaic of over 7 million hectares of high conservation value forest, grassland and wetland will be secured, connecting 1,500 km of conservation area.
- Viable populations of iconic and threatened species will be secured and will live in harmony with human communities.