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2020 vision

WWF in the Coral Triangle is working towards a long-term vision of a better world where: “The oceans and coasts of the Coral Triangle, the world’s centre of marine biodiversity, are vibrant and healthy within a changing climate, building resiliency of communities, food security and contributing to improved quality of life for generations to come.”

Papua New Guinea islanders paddle out their dugout canoe to go fishing with a gill net. New Ireland, Papua New Guinea

© Jürgen Freund / WWF

To make this vision a reality, three goals must be achieved by 2020:

The Biodiversity Goal:

WWF Coral Triangle biodiversity goalAt least 10% of the Coral Triangle region’s marine habitats are under effective management. As a result, coastal communities can share the benefits of integrated, productive, and diverse marine ecosystems.

The Footprint Goal:

WWF Coral Triangle footprint goalThe footprint of fisheries, aquaculture, and marine tourism on oceans and coastal habitats has been reduced. It’s about stakeholders from all sectors coming together to support well-established social and ecological systems.

The Human Well-Being Goal:

WWF Coral Triangle human well-being goalFood security, sustainable income, and improved livelihoods have been enhanced for the people of the Coral Triangle. It’s a goal that can be achieved only through healthier and more resilient marine ecosystems.

A three-pronged masterplan

The pursuit of the vision and goals of the Coral Triangle Programme involves three key strategies:

Policy and Advocacy 
Innovation and Business Transformation 
Marketing and Communications


WWF advocates the use of the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (EAFM) as an effective and comprehensive tool for creating and maintaining healthy ecosystems, as well as preventing environmental and resource destruction, assuring fish production, and distributing benefits among the most involved stakeholders.

EAFM works because it covers social, cultural, and economic dimensions, seeking a balance between environmental and human benefits through sustainable and appropriate ecosystem management.

EAFM in Action

In the Coral Triangle, this means:
  • Establishing networks of MPAs or Locally Marine Managed Areas (LMMAs) to protect biodiversity and fish stocks for fisheries, food security and livelihoods
  • Reducing negative impacts of fisheries, aquaculture, tourism, and other industries on coastal and marine habitats
  • Working with the partners and stakeholders to communicate the need for effective and sustainable policies to regional fisheries management organisations
  • Promoting rights-based management (RBM) to strengthen local stewardship
  • Working as a partner in the Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security.