The waters of the Coral Triangle are spawning grounds for skipjack, yellowfin, and bigeye tuna—fisheries that feed millions, provide livelihood and jobs, sustain economies, and help maintain a healthy ecosystem.
The region produces 30% of global tuna landings of these species, and half of the landings from the Western and Central Pacific Ocean, with an estimated annual landed value of USD 2 billion dollars.
Tuna processing plants in Indonesia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands provide tens of thousands of jobs to women.
Fisheries in crisis
Tuna species are declining at an alarmingly rapid rate, primarily because of human greed. Overfishing due to Illegal, Unregulated, and Undocumented (IUU) fishing
, significant juvenile tuna catches, and the capture of endangered, threatened, or protected (ETP) species has resulted in the serial depletion of populations in many areas to critical limits.
Because tuna is a highly migratory species that requires the cooperation of all stakeholders to improve management across its vast geographic range, its fisheries have also become a highly political arena.
Multiplicity of interests has made it a challenge to put in place policies that follow scientific guidelines while still considering the interests of governments and other stakeholders, often resulting in weak governance and ineffective management.