Colchic Rainforests and Wetlands of Georgia are inscribed on UNESCO`s World Heritage List
Posted on 27 July 2021
Colchic Rainforest and Wetlands located in Georgia, Caucasus, are characterized by the beautiful nature and rich biodiversity, represented with about 1,100 species of plants and up to 500 vertebrate species, including 19 threatened animal species, notably the critically endangered Colchic Sturgeon. This is the place and the home for the oldest species of plants that had been endangered and became extinct in different areas of the world million years ago. Colchic area has a special place on the world peatland map.
This nomination consists of component areas, which are parts of the following Protected Areas in Georgia: Mtirala National Park, Kintrishi Protected Areas, Kobuleti Protected Areas, Kolkheti National Park.
The initiative has been implemented through a joint effort of the Agency of Protected Areas of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Agriculture, the German Government, WWF Caucasus Programme Office and Michael Succow Foundation. Georgia is located entirely within the Caucasus ecoregion, which is one of the world’s Biodiversity Hotspots - the richest and at the same time most threatened reservoirs of plant and animal life on Earth. Covering an area of 586,800 km2 and extending over Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, the North Caucasian part of the Russian Federation, north-eastern Turkey, and north-western Iran, the Caucasus hosts 2,791 plant species and 21 genera that are found nowhere else in the world; the level of plant endemism – more than 25% of the region’s plant species – is the highest in the temperate world. Plants and plant associations from tens of millions of years ago have survived in “refugia” from the last ice age in the Colchic region of the Black Sea basin and the Hyrcanian region on the Caspian Sea coast. More than 120 species of vertebrate animals are endemic to the Caucasus Ecoregion.