© Simon Rawles / WWF
...a sustainable future
The "Africa Ecological Footprint Report : Green Infrastructure for Africa's Ecological Security" takes stock of the health of Africa’s ecosystems, as well as trends in resources use patterns. It also lays out recommendations on implementing green development pathways for Africa .
The report highlights a steep decline in biodiversity in Africa: 40% in 40 years. This decline reflects a degradation of the natural systems upon which Africa’s current and future prosperity depends.

In addition, rapid population growth and increasing prosperity are changing consumption patterns, with the result that Africa’s ecological footprint—the area needed to generate the resources consumed by a given group or activity – has been growing steadily. Africa's total ecological footprint is set to double by 2040.

Continuing on a business-as-usual scenario means jeapordizing the natural systems on which lives and economies depend. Yet Africa is in an advantageous position to act. This report showcases successful initiatives across Africa as solutions to be up-scaled in areas such as renewable energy, integrated water resource management, ecotourism, and forest conservation.

The Africa Ecological Footprint Report  is a joint collaboration between WWF and the African Development Bank (AfDB). Together with their partners, WWF and AfDB are committed to supporting countries in Africa in transitioning towards a future of sustainable develop ment – with healthy people thriving on a healthy planet.


Africa has choices. Embracing a more sustainable approach to development can generate benefits in terms of environmental security, human well-being and increased competitiveness.

Donald Kaberuka, President of the African Development Bank


Cover of the Africa Ecological Footprint Report 2012: Green Infrastructures for Africa's ... 
© WWF / African Development Bank

This report was produced in joint collaboration between WWF and the African Development Bank.  It was made possible through cofinancing from the Brazilian Government's South-South Cooperation Trust Fund. Technical partners are the Global Footprint Network and the Zoological Society of London.