White paper: The 'triple challenge' and tackling trade-offs between climate, food and biodiversity goals

Posted on 31 May 2020

This paper address the triple challenge that humankind faces, of meeting the dietary and other needs of 10 billion people, keeping global temperature rise below 1.5°C, and reversing biodiversity loss.
Simultaneously avoiding dangerous climate change, halting and reversing dramatic biodiversity loss and meeting the needs of a growing global human population are three interlinked and critical goals we must achieve in this half-century. Climate change is increasingly recognised as a global emergency, with the current ~1°C of global warming already negatively affecting people and nature all around the world. At the same time, there is growing evidence that we are at the start of the sixth mass extinction in our planet’s history. This loss is a result of human activity, particularly from food production, and at the same time constitutes a direct threat to human well-being in all regions of the world. We also need to address the many and varied needs and aspirations of a growing global population.

This white paper dives deeper into the concept of this "triple challenge", the trade-offs that exist, as progress on one goal may undermine others depending on the responses prioritised, and potential responses. 
Rice stalks in the hand of Chameli Kumal who works in a rice paddy along the river between Bandipur to Simjung in Nepal.
© Karine Aigner/WWF-US