Posted on 24 October 2020
Splash dams serve as obstacles for migratory fish such as brook trout and endangered Danube Salmon.
No Carpathian river splash dam has been used since 1979. They have gradually decayed over time, though they still serve as obstacles for migratory fish such as brook trout and endangered Danube Salmon
. There are five splash dams within Verhovynskyi National Park that must be removed or modified to restore river connectivity for fish migration and spawning
. The Lostunets Dam (constructed c. 1880-1890, 47° 51'07.1"N 24° 49'25.5"E
) was the first dam to be removed under WWF-Ukraine’s new Splash Dam Removal Project
, and was done so with the kind and invaluable crowdfunding support
of 461 donations from people in The Netherlands and beyond.
Industrial-scale forest harvesting started in the Ukrainian Carpathians Region at the end of the 19th
century under the #AustroHungarianEmpire. The kermaniches
(lumberjacks) drifted Carpathian spruce trees down the creeks and rivers bundled into timber rafts. Deep in the mountains, the rivers are shallow. A dam upstream trapped water in its reservoir so the lumberjacks could then open the gates when needed to release violent torrents of high waters and carry timber rafts from the high mountains to the valleys below.
WWF-Ukraine, supported by WWF-Netherlands launched the Splash Dam Removal Project
during the summer to remove splash dams along the creeks and rivers of the Cheremosh River Basin (Verkhovynskyi National Park
and beyond) located in the Ivano-Frankivsk Region, next to the Ukrainian-Romanian state border.