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WWF Uganda

Some of Uganda's iconic vegetation

Biodiversity and Ecosystems in Uganda

Uganda is a landlocked country with an area of 241,551 km2 (roughly the size of the UK) with a significant natural resource endowment of forests, savannah grasslands, woodlands, glacial mountains and an abundance of lakes, wetlands and rivers.

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Uganda also has the highlands of Bwindi Impenetrable and Mgahinga National Parks, which are both home to the magnificent but endangered mountain gorilla, one of WWF’s global flagship species.

Uganda has unique and diverse biodiversity, partly due to its distinctive bio-geographical location. Seven of the eighteen (39%) plant kingdoms in Africa exist in Uganda and the biological diversity rates as one of the highest on the continent. More than half of all African bird species and 10% of bird species globally are represented in Uganda. About 345 mammal species are found in Uganda, the second largest collection in Africa. In terms of landscape, the East African savannahs and the West African rainforests meet in Uganda, giving rise to a stunning ecological portrait.
The role of biodiversity in contributing to Uganda’s sustainable development and poverty alleviation goals cannot be over-emphasized. The gross economic output attributed to biological resources from fisheries, forestry, tourism, agriculture and energy sectors, is estimated to be in excess of US$ 546.6 million a year. Biodiversity support to economic output indirectly is worth at least US$ 200 million a year.


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According to the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA)  Uganda’s elephant population decreased by 85%, between 1960 and 2010.
© According to the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) Uganda’s elephant population decreased by 85%, between 1960 and 2010. © WWF-Uganda