Soco’s exploration in Virunga violates OECD guidelines, WWF alleges
Soco allegedly has used state security forces to intimidate opponents, and has failed to disclose during community consultations vital information about potential environmental and health impacts of its exploration. Further, the company’s contract contains a clause effectively exempting it from future laws aimed at protecting human rights and the environment.
Soco’s own impact assessment shows that oil exploration could cause pollution, damage habitats and bring poaching to this fragile ecosystem. It could also harm residents’ health and damage the natural resources upon which 50,000 people depend.
Virunga National Park is the most biodiverse protected area in Africa and one of the continent’s oldest World Heritage Sites. The UNESCO World Heritage Committee maintains that oil exploration is inconsistent with the World Heritage Convention, and has called for the cancellation of all Virunga oil permits.
“By nominating Virunga as a World Heritage Site, the DRC government made a legal commitment to the international community to conserve the park for future generations,” WWF’s OECD complaint says. By entering the park for oil exploration, Soco has breached OECD guidelines urging respect for national laws and international treaties, WWF contends.
Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, where Virunga National Park is located, is an active conflict zone. Both OECD and the UN recommend that companies operating in areas of weak governance take particular care to ensure that their operations do not compromise human rights. Soco has provided no evidence that it has undertaken proper human rights due diligence.
The OECD guidelines applies to all multinational enterprises operating in or from adhering countries. UK is a founding member of OECD, which was established by governments in 1961 to advance economic and social wellbeing worldwide. A WWF report found that Virunga National Park could be worth US$1.1 billion per year if developed sustainably and could be the source of 45,000 permanent jobs for residents.