Global Tiger Day: Are we on track towards doubling wild tiger numbers?
2016 is the mid-point between the St. Petersburg Declaration where the 13 tiger range countries committed to TX2 and the 2022 end-point for bringing wild tiger numbers up to 6000. Governments of the 13 tiger range countries endorsed the St. Petersburg Declaration and committed to the TX2 goal at the high-level Tiger Summit, hosted by the Russian Government and The World Bank in 2010.
“Tiger range countries have set an ambitious goal in TX2 and WWF is committed alongside them to make it a reality,” said Mike Baltzer, Leader of WWF’s Tigers Alive Initiative. “To know global tiger population numbers will be to know where we are with TX2 and will help understand what else we need to do together to put tigers in a safe place by 2022."
Determining the exact number of tigers in the wild is difficult as they are notoriously elusive and inhabit often remote and rugged terrain. For many countries, carrying out tiger counts has been prohibitively expensive and time-consuming. However with improved survey techniques and equipment, particularly cheaper and more durable camera traps, countries are more enabled to carry out these counts.
Using these techniques,India and Nepal have for the first time conducted a joint survey in the Terai Arc Landscape that spans the two countries. Conducted early this year and covering protected areas, critical forest corridors, community forests, reserve forests and buffer zones, the joint effort marks a milestone in Indo-Nepal trans-boundary wildlife research and monitoring collaboration. The Nepal Government will be releasing results of the survey from areas within its Terai Arc Landscape boundary today, and a joint tiger status report will be issued later in the year.
The two countries together with Russia are continuously assessing their wild tiger populations with results indicating that tiger numbers in those countries are beginning to stabilise, if not increase. While this indicates we are on track towards TX2 in some countries, the same may or may not hold true in the other tiger range countries.
“It is critical for the success of reaching TX2 that we know tiger numbers and their distribution in all 13 tiger range countries,” said Mr. Baltzer. “Determining the global tiger population in 2016 and 2020 will promote the TX2 goal, renew global focus and mobilize resources to boost populations in sites that are lagging behind. This is critical in making the 2022 goal a reality and therefore the survival of the tiger.”
Experts from each tiger range country would need to agree on, as soon as possible, the methods and approaches to make this the first truly global census of wild tigers. Additionally, significant resources will need to be sourced and allocated for the task in each country. Survey results should then be the focus of a major high-level meeting of government heads that would entail an acknowledgement of progress, or lack thereof, and a re-commitment made towards TX2 at the half-way point.
Notes to Editors
- The 13 tiger range countries had agreed on creating Global Tiger Day at the Tiger Summit, held in November 2010 in St. Petersburg, Russia. Celebrated annually on 29 July, it aims to raise awareness of and support for conservation of wild tigers.
- Several countries are observing Global Tiger Day with a number of activities. They include:
- Bhutan: WWF and the Department of Forests & Park Services under the Ministry of Agriculture and Forests, will celebrate Tiger Day at Norbuling Middle Secondary School in Sarpang district in the south of Bhutan, which contains several protected areas – Phibsoo Wildlife Sanctuary, Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park and Royal Manas National Park. There will be a host of activities, including cultural performances and art and ski competitions, under the theme “Empowering Local Communities for Tiger Conservation”. Local communities, school children, teachers, monks, the business community, heads of institutions, counterparts from India, as well as multi-profile dignitaries, will join in the celebration.
- China: The State Forestry Administration of China, with support from WWF China and other agencies, will hold the “International Workshop for Transboundary Conservation of Tiger and Other Endangered Species, and the Strategy of Combating Illegal Wildlife Trade” on Global Tiger Day till World Ranger Day on 31 July, in Kunming.
- India: WWF India is holding five events simultaneously in four tiger landscapes to honour the forest guards highlighted in the Cards4tigers action (www.panda.org/cards4tigers), as well as raise awareness of the vital and challenging work they do for tiger conservation. All the events will be held jointly with the local state Forest Departments. For instance, in Arunachal Pradesh, the Parliamentary Secretary (Department of Science and Technology) and Divisional Forest Officer of the Pakke Tiger Reserve will present postcards received from around the world to the Reserve’s Strike Force. They will also be given drawings and essays done by four schools in the state. In Mandla District of the Satpuda Maikal Landscape, a rally will be held to raise awareness about the work that forest guards are doing, followed by day long activities with school and college students.
- Nepal: A high-level meeting will be held with the National Tiger Conservation Committee (NTCC), chaired by Prime Minister Khil Raj Regmi, for a briefing on the results from the recently concluded tiger count in the Terai Arc Landscape. It will be followed by a media event in Kathmandu, the capital city, to officially release the results by the Government of Nepal. WWF Nepal is a member of the NTCC. It will launch a special photo story, “A day in the life of a tiger tracker”, and a PSA (public service announcement) featuring popular local actor and WWF Nepal’s Goodwill Ambassador, Rajesh Hamal, urging the public to take action against wildlife crime.
- Singapore: WWF Singapore is running a special I FOR TIGERS campaign in celebration of Global Tiger Day. Through this campaign, people can celebrate their personal challenges, milestones and events in support of tigers. Supporters of tiger conservation can come up with their own fundraising page atwww.i4tigers.com.
- UK: July sees the launch of a partnership between Whiskas®, the UK’s number 1 cat care brand, and WWF-UK. Through the charity activation, which is the biggest in Whiskas’ history, Whiskas will support WWF’s global tiger conservation efforts. As part of the campaign, a donation from every special pack of Whiskas sold will go towards helping to protect wild tigers. Across the coming year, the funds raised by Whiskas will have a particular focus on supporting the daily work of WWF in the Terai Arc region of Nepal as well as providing much needed funds for our global Tigers Alive initiative. For more visit https://www.whiskas.co.uk/wwf/