Assessing risks to forest cover and carbon stocks: A review of tools and approaches to compare business-as-usual to REDD+ scenarios
This report notes:
Deforestation may result from a variety of causes. Planned land-cover changes result from zoned infrastructure development and agriculture. Unplanned changes usually occur in areas of poor governance, often manifesting themselves as spontaneous settlements along roads, near mines or adjacent to existing settlements. Areas at risk from both planned and unplanned deforestation and forest degradation are eligible for REDD+ payments after emission reductions have been measured and verified. Therefore, the amount by which emissions have been reduced from a business-as-usual scenario, in which no REDD+ activities have been implemented, needs to be estimated.
- Identify areas at risk of deforestation and forest degradation;
- Estimate carbon stocks in these areas currently, in the future under business-as-usual and in the future under a REDD+ project scenario;
- Quantify the additionality or carbon emissions reductions that could result from successful REDD+ implementation of mitigation actions;
- Link with the potential monetary value of carbon.