Governments must get serious about ‘Loss and Damage’ caused by climate change inaction
DOHA, 29 November: Developed country governments meeting at the UN climate conference in Qatar need to stop fiddling and start dealing with the severe losses and unprecedented damage which are devastating poor and vulnerable communities and ecosystems as a result of climate change.
Where mitigation - reducing emissions - and adaptation efforts are too little or too late, the developed world must now take responsibility for the consequences, CARE, ActionAid and WWF say in a new report.
The destruction wrought in 2012 by dramatic flooding in the Philippines and Bangladesh, Hurricane Sandy and major drought in Russia, Australia and the US are just some of the alarming indications of the realities of a climate-damaged world.
The impact on lives, economies, infrastructure and nature is real, in many cases irreversible and only set to get worse.
The report, Tackling the Limits to Adaptation, points to both the moral and legal duty of developed countries with high emissions to take immediate action. First and foremost, rapid and drastic emissions reductions are urgently needed to keep global temperature rises below 1.5 degrees.
Secondly, measures to support vulnerable communities to protect their lives, incomes and assets from climate impacts - adaptation - must be urgently up-scaled. But even with these measures, there will still be unavoidable impacts that will have to be systematically tackled.
Therefore, governments must create a new international framework to address ‘loss and damage’ from climate change, within the existing United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The framework must include an international mechanism to focus on compensation and rehabilitation and the worst emitters must prepare to pay the costs of inaction affecting communities hit by severe climate change impacts, the report says.
To this end, governments in Doha must:
- Establish a new international framework, under the UN convention on climate change, to deal with the severe losses and damage caused by climate change.
- Develop ways to compensate for both financial and non-financial losses such as loss of territory, biodiversity, culture and traditional knowledge.
- Ensure planned relocation and support for people who may permanently lose their land and incomes as a result of climate change.
Sandeep Chamling Rai, Senior Adaptation Policy Advisor at WWF International said: “Ecosystems are a vital cog in the circle of life that also need to be compensated and rehabilitated in the absence of interventions to halt climate change. Climate change is the biggest threat to biodiversity and ecosystems that millions of people rely on. Once the damage has been done, particularly to vulnerable ecosystems like corals, glaciers and river systems, there is no turning back. We urgently need to recognise and proactively address losses in these areas.”
Harjeet Singh, International Coordinator, Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Adaptation at ActionAid said: “Many farming communities we work with are unable to adjust in time when seasonal cycles change abruptly, or storms of unprecedented intensity and frequency devastate their crops. And pastoralist communities are confronting repeated years of devastating drought and permanent degradation of lands they’ve relied on for centuries.
“No one wants to be forced to relocate, but if it is necessary, compensation will be required to restore such people’s livelihoods. We must start planning now, or we can never hope to catch up with the tragedies climate change will cause,” he added.
Notes to Editors
- For further information and to request a copy of the report, contact CARE press and communications officer, Jo Barrett firstname.lastname@example.org + 974 55 05 6325 or Sylvia Ratzlaff Sylvia.Ratzlaff@wwf.de + 974 66 07 93 79
- ActionAid is a partnership between people in rich and poor countries, dedicated to ending poverty and injustice. We work with people all over the world to fight hunger and disease, seek justice and education for women, hold companies and governments accountable, and cope with emergencies in over 40 countries. Visit: www.actionaid.org
- Founded in 1945 with the creation of the CARE package, CARE is a leading humanitarian organization fighting global poverty. CARE places special focus on working alongside poor girls and women because, equipped with the proper resources, they have the power to lift whole families and entire communities out of poverty. CARE is helping the most world’s most vulnerable communities adapt to the impacts of climate change. Last year CARE worked in 84 countries and reached 122 million people around the world. Visitwww.careclimatechange.org
- WWF is one of the world’s largest and most respected independent conservation organizations, with over 5 million supporters and a global network active in over 100 countries. WWF’s mission is to stop the degradation of the earth’s natural environment and to build a future in which humans live in harmony with nature, by conserving the world’s biological diversity, ensuring that the use of renewable natural resources is sustainable, and promoting the reduction of pollution and wasteful consumption. See: www.panda.org