Population of world's most endangered leopard grows in China | WWF

Population of world's most endangered leopard grows in China

Posted on 27 April 2012    
Amur leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis).
© Vasily Solkin
Changchun, China - Northeast China’s Jilin Province Department of Forestry says the endangered Amur leopard population has almost doubled in the province, and now numbers between 8 and 11 individuals according to findings from a new survey.

The results from the first-ever study to exclusively examine Amur leopards shows that traces of the rare big cats are now being found over a much larger area in and outside of northeast China’s Hunchun and Wangqing Nature Reserves, covering about 4100km2, an area similar in size to French Polynesia.

“The Amur leopard is critically endangered, and this research into population monitoring, habitat restoration and population migration characteristics is urgent for the survival of the species,” said the head of WWF-China’s Northeast Programme Office, Dr Zhu Jiang. 

The Amur leopard is incredibly rare in the wild, and the species is the most endangered feline in the world, surpassing even the Amur tiger in rarity. Less than 50 now live in north eastern China and the Russian Far East.

Survey brings clarity

Compared to data from a 1998-1999 survey on tigers - which also picked up traces of Amur leopards - the new study found evidence that the leopard’s distribution area in China expanded further to the northwest of Jilin province and towards the Sino-Russian border in the east.  This represents an area 3-4 times bigger than previous findings, and a leopard population that’s 1.8 times larger. 

“The results of this new survey show even more clearly that the Hunchun-Wangqing habitat is an important one for the Amur leopard, and that the nearby Changbai Mountain leopard population is essential to support the continued survival of the Russian Far East population group.  The two areas are indispensible to the recovery of the global Amur leopard population, and are the greatest hope for expanding both the population and the habitat of the species,” said Dr. Zhu Jiang.

First known survey on China’s wild Amur leopard population

This is the first time China has conducted a survey that exclusively focuses on Amur leopard population numbers, habitat location and habitat size in Jilin Province. The next stage, says Jilin Forestry Department’s Senior Engineer and Tiger-Leopard Programme Officer Jiang Jinsong, will cover a larger area, using infrared camera traps and DNA monitoring technology.

“Based on the results of this survey, the first trial areas will be the Hunchun and Wangqing reserves, where constant collection of information on individuals as well as monitoring of activity patterns among the general population will serve to build up a core of information on the settled Amur leopard and Siberian tiger populations,” said Jiang Jinsong.

WWF’s role

WWF will continue to work with the Jilin Forestry Department, Hunchun Nature Reserve and Wangqing Forestry Bureau to continue monitoring population trends, assess habitat quality and the restoration of prey species.  WWF will also maintain its contributions to the development of monitoring technology and anti-poaching management to help restore the Amur leopard population in China.

For more information contact:

Zeng Ming (曾铭), Head of Press, WWF China, +86 10 6511 6298, mzeng@wwfchina.org
Amur leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis).
© Vasily Solkin Enlarge
Distribution of the Amur leopard.
Distribution of the Amur leopard.
© WWF Enlarge
An Amur leopard track is measured during a survey in late February 2012. The results show that Jilin Province's Amur leopard population is on the rise.
© Jilin Forestry Department Enlarge

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