About Uganda

Mountain gorillas, Virunga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo
© Martin Harvey / WWF

Conserving Natural Resources in the Pearl of Africa

WWF Uganda Country Office (WWF-UCO) was established in 2009 by WWF-International to promote its mission in the country as an integral part of WWF’s Global mission in East Africa.
The Goal of WWF-Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Programme (WWF-ESARP) is to ensure that through the activities of WWF-UCO and that of other sector players, biodiversity and biological processes in Eastern Africa are conserved in harmony with the aspirations of the East African people.


Over the years, Market initiatives for management of forests have been considered as one of the most effective tools for promoting sustainable forest management. Forest certification is one of such initiatives. It provides an opportunity for concurrent achievement in conservation and socio-economic development. To advance this, WWF-UCO, is implementing a project aimed at improving Forest Management through Forest Certification in the country. In doing so, biodiversity conservation is achieved through the use of market initiatives as one form of achieving conservation goals.

Energy and Climate:

Similar to global trends and those in developing countries, Uganda's demand for all forms of energy is projected to increase dramatically in the coming years as a result of increasing economic activity and growth. WWF’s main goal for energy development is 100% access to renewable energy by 2025 and reduction of footprint in relation to fossil fuel development. WWFUCO's Energy and Climate Programme has developed several innovative projects which support the Ugandan government in .delivering on its energy development commitments in ways that are environmentally responsible and sustainable.
Bwindi Impenetrable Forest. NP Buhoma. Uganda.  rel=
Bwindi Impenetrable Forest. NP Buhoma, Uganda.

A natural attraction

The Nile begins its 6,650 km journey off Uganda’s shores, cutting into its land as it begins its decent towards the Mediterranean Sea. This, and a myriad of other natural wonders such as gorillas, stunning mountain vistas and an unrivalled bird diversity, really put Uganda on the map.
Uganda, a landlocked country in East Africa, consists of savanna plateau with mountains and lakes. "The pearl of Africa," wrote Winston Churchill of this former British protectorate that embraces Lake Victoria, source of the White Nile, and the misty Ruwenzori Mountains—a home of the endangered mountain gorilla.

Area: 236,580 square kilometers (roughly the size of Great Britain)
Notable sites: Source of the Nile, Lake Victoria, Rwenzori Mountains (Mountains of the Moon) span 60 km  

Natural Resources

East African savannas and the West African rainforests meet in Uganda, giving rise to a stunning ecological portrait. Forests, woodlands/savannas, wetlands, and open water (lakes) are all represented here, and the country can lay claim to more than half of all African bird species (10% of bird species globally).
Some 345 mammals species have been identified in Uganda, the highest mammal species count in Africa after the Democratic republic of Congo.

Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, employing over 80% of the work force. The chief food crops are cassava, sweet potatoes, plantains, millet, sorghum, corn, and pulses. The principal traditional cash crops are coffee, cotton, tea and tobacco. New additions include cut flowers, beans, maize and sugarcane. Large numbers of poultry, cattle, goats, and sheep are raised. There is a sizable fishing industry.

Uganda is endowed with over 50 minerals, ranking it among the countries in Africa with the biggest number of minerals which include copper, cobalt, diamond, gold, oil, kaolin, lime stone, marbles, phospates, Uranium, glass(silca sand), wolfram, nikel,diamond, tin, titanium, natural gas, iron ore, lead, granite, soapstone, asbestos, and the platinum group minrals like palladium, and platinum-palladium.

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