About Uganda

Mountain gorillas, Virunga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo
© Martin Harvey / WWF

Conserving Natural Resources in the Pearl of Africa

WWF started work in Uganda in 1982 as a project coordination office, and in 2009 it evolved into the WWF Uganda Country Office (WWF UCO).
WWF started work in Uganda in 1982 as a project coordination office, and in 2009 it evolved into the WWF Uganda Country Office (WWF UCO). Through UCO, WWF has been supporting a number of conservation efforts, including working with government agencies and supporting sustainable development pathways, empowering civil society, the poor and vulnerable communities; to engage in natural resources management, and working with the business community towards responsible trade and sustainable natural resource development.
From inception, WWF has been implementing its interventions mostly through a project approach. However, WWF Uganda undertook a re-strategization process and adopted a programmatic approach in place of the project approach. In this effect, WWF Uganda Country Office is prioritizing three programme areas, namely; Forestry and biodiversity, Energy and Climate and Fresh water,
The goal of WWF Regional Office for Africa (WWF ROA) is to ensure that through the activities of WWF-UCO and that of other sector players, biodiversity and biological processes in Eastern Africa, and particularly in Uganda, are conserved in harmony with the aspirations of the people of Uganda. The WWF UCO plays an integral part of WWF’s Global mission in East Africa.
About Uganda
Uganda is a landlocked country in East Africa and has a number of natural resources and physical features, consisting of the Savannah plateau with mountains, rivers and lakes. "The Pearl of Africa," wrote Winston Churchill of this former British protectorate that embraces Lake Victoria, source of the River and the misty Ruwenzori Mountains—a home of the endangered mountain gorilla.
Area: 236,580 square kilometers (roughly the size of Great Britain)
Notable sites:
  • Source of the River Nile,
  • Lake Victoria,
  • Rwenzori Mountains (Mountains of the Moon),
  • Greater Virunga and
  • African Rift Lakes.
Uganda's Natural Resources
East African savannas and the West African rainforests meet in Uganda, giving rise to a stunning ecological portrait. Forests, woodlands/savannas, wetlands, and open water (lakes) are all represented here, and the country can lay claim to more than half of all African bird species (10% of bird species globally). Some 345 mammals species have been identified in Uganda, the highest mammal species count in Africa after the Democratic republic of Congo (DRC).

Uganda is endowed with over 50 minerals, ranking it among the countries in Africa with the biggest number of minerals, which include copper, cobalt, diamond, gold, oil, kaolin, lime stone, marbles, phospates, Uranium, glass(silca sand), wolfram, nikel,diamond, tin, titanium, natural gas, iron ore, lead, granite, soapstone, asbestos, and the platinum group minerals like palladium, and platinum-palladium.
Economic Activities
Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, employing over 80% of the work force. The chief food crops are cassava, sweet potatoes, plantains, millet, sorghum, corn, and pulses. The principal traditional cash crops are coffee, cotton, tea and tobacco. New additions include cut flowers, beans, maize and sugarcane. Large numbers of poultry, cattle, goats, and sheep are raised. There is a sizable fishing industry as well.

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