Biodiversity and Ecosystems in Uganda
Uganda has unique and diverse biodiversity, partly due to its distinctive bio-geographical location. Seven of the eighteen (39%) plant kingdoms in Africa exist in Uganda and the biological diversity rates as one of the highest on the continent. More than half of all African bird species and 10% of bird species globally are represented in Uganda. About 345 mammal species are found in Uganda, the second largest collection in Africa. In terms of landscape, the East African savannahs and the West African rainforests meet in Uganda, giving rise to a stunning ecological portrait.
The role of biodiversity in contributing to Uganda’s sustainable development and poverty alleviation goals cannot be over-emphasized. The gross economic output attributed to biological resources from fisheries, forestry, tourism, agriculture and energy sectors, is estimated to be in excess of US$ 546.6 million a year. Biodiversity support to economic output indirectly is worth at least US$ 200 million a year.
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