Senegal is a country of steppes, grassland and tree savanna in the north, and dry sub-guinean open forest formations in the east and south. Parts of the eastern forest zone are protected areas, providing a home for panthers, lions, Derby elands, elephants
and a few chimpanzees
Driven by prevailing winds, the Canary Current
flows southwest along the coast of Senegal, bringing cool water towards the equator. As the wind moves the surface water, nutrient rich water from below the surface moves upward.
This upwelling creates a highly productive region, especially for deep-sea fish and lobsters.
Some of the species that navigate these waters include green marine turtles
, olive ridley sea turtles
and West African manatees, along with an abundance of fish.