Peru lies on the West coast of South America, facing the South Pacific Ocean. It is bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the southeast by Bolivia and, on the south by Chile. The country covers an area of 1,285,220km2.
The geography of Peru varies from the arid plains of the Pacific coast (costa) to the peaks of the Andes mountains in the centre (sierra) and the tropical forests of the Amazon Basin to the east (selva), which cover almost 60% of the country. Unlike other equatorial countries, Peru does not have an exclusively tropical climate - the western seaboard is desert, with very low precipitation levels.