REDD+ mechanism advances in Madre de Dios
• These are critical to negotiate future schemes that prevent deforestation and degradation of forests.
Madre de Dios, Peru. June 4, 2013. In order to know how much CO2 will be reduced in Madre de Dios through Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation Mechanism (REDD+), it is crucial to define the Reference Levels (RL). These RL are obtained by analyzing deforestation in different forests types during a certain period and the resulting CO2 released in the atmosphere. (The CO2 amount varies with the different forests types)
It is highly important to have a proper selection of the Reference Levels, because they are the base to negotiate future agreements for reducing deforestation and degradation of forests.
For this reason, WWF organized a workshop with regional authorities and civil society representative, gathered in the Environmental Services and REDD Roundtable – MSAR, and specialist from WWF US: Pablo Gutman – Senior Director of Environmental Economy and Naikoa Aguilar – MRV Coordinator; they carried out a 2 days introduction regarding: (i) what are Reference Levels, (ii) how are they measured, and (iii) what has to be considered for the MDD case.
According to Bethzabé Guevara, GOREMAD’s Sub-Manager of Environmental Management and Sustainable Development “the reference levels help to ensure that REDD funds are mainly used to compensate opportunity costs of emissions reductions. In this regard, it is highly important that the region, which has already started dialogues within MSAR, incorporates this issue in its agenda, in order to consolidate a working group to enables us to be prepared for receiving incentives for such mechanisms.”
Furthermore, Oliver Liao Torres, GIS Specialist from GOREMAD´s Natural Resources and Environment Management added “Thanks to the workshop, it is clear that implementing the REDD+ mechanism in the region is a negotiations path, that we must go through, thus it is important to have the relevant information to negotiate properly.”
REDD+ Experiences in other countries, such as Costa Rica, Guyana, Norway and the Democratic Republic of Congo were shared during these learning meetings. Guyana is one of the most advanced cases; they received 73.9 million dollars for preserving their forests and reducing their CO2 emissions. However, the agreement stipulates that if the deforestation rate exceeds 0.056% per year, there will be a penalty and the deforestation rate reaches 0.1% annually, payments will be cut off.
Deforestation is a dynamic process subject to influence different economic and social factors. For example, according to the UNALM Conservation Data Center (CDC-UNALM), Madre de Dios presented an annual average deforestation rate of 0,1037% between 2000 – 2005, while between 2005 – 2010 the rate reached 0,1498% and between 2008 – 2010, period of the Southern Interoceanic Highway paving and gold price rising, the rate reached up to 0,2134%. The difference between these three periods is quite big, the same as the possible CO2 amount prevented if chosen one of those scenarios as Reference Level.