WWF in Mexico

Fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus) surfacing. Whale watching in Baja California, Mexico. rel=
Fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus) surfacing. Whale watching in Baja California, Mexico.
© WWF / Gustavo YBARRA

About the country

A cultural and biological melting pot Bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the south and west, Mexico is a land of contrasts and diversity. With a rich cultural history it is also one of the most biologically diverse countries in the world.
Geography & climate
Covering almost 2 million km2, Mexico is the world’s 14th largest country. It borders United States to the north and Gautemala and Belize to the south. Mountainous areas combine with low coastal plains, high plateaus and marine habitats, giving rise to a rich biodiversity. Mexico borders 3 bodies of water: the North Pacific Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean Sea.

The Tropic of Cancer effectively divides the country into temperate and tropical zones. To the north there are cooler temperatures during the winter months, while in the south temperatures are fairly constant year round.

Not only does Mexico contain 10% of the world's terrestrial plants and vertebrates in an area that covers only 1% of the Earth's land area, it is also outstanding for the uniqueness of its fauna and flora. Mexico's endemism is particularly high among amphibians (62%), reptiles (57%), mammals (32%) and the floras of dry and temperate mountain habitats. Mexico holds the second largest coral reef in the world, the Mesoamerican Reef. It is home to 12 WWF Global Ecoregions.

Population & religion
Mexico is the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world with a population of 103 million. The Mexican population is increasingly urban, with 75% living in cities.

Mexico is ethnically diverse comprising Mestizos (of mixed Spanish and Amerindian ancestry), Amerindians, and a smaller group descended from the first Spanish settlers. Newer waves of immigration at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries brought Europeans, Canadians and Euro-Americans from the United States.

Unlike some other Latin American countries, Mexico has no official religion. However, it is estimated that 89% of the population is Roman Catholic.

Mexico is the 12th largest economy in the world as measured in Gross Domestic Product. However, ongoing economic concerns include the commercial and financial dependence on low wages, underemployment for a large segment of the population, inequitable income distribution and a lack of structural reform.

Oil is Mexico’s largest source of foreign income.

Subscribe to our mailing list

* indicates required
Donate to WWF

Your support will help us build a future where humans live in harmony with nature.

Enter Yes if you accept the terms and conditions
Enter Yes if you accept the terms and conditions