Future Framework Negotiations

Geographical location:

Asia/Pacific > East Asia > Japan

COPMOP1 (December 2005).
© WWF Japan

Summary

This project is a development of a previous project (JP0059, Kyoto Protocol). Now that the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assesment Report (IPCC 4AR 2007) has confirmed that global warming is actually happening at unprecedented speed and is human induced, it has become crucial that global CO2 emissions are reduced by more than 50% by 2050 compared to 1990. Discussions on post-Kyoto (after 2013) have started following the first meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (COP11/COPMOP1), but still governments are not serious enough to start formal negotiations for a new framework for the post-Kyoto period.

WWF aims to influence governments to start official negotiations about the future framework as soon as possible.

Background

The Kyoto Protocol finally entered into force in 2005, and the discussions on post-Kyoto were kicked off by the Montreal Plan of Action. However, these are not serious enough to start formal negotiations for a new framework for the post-Kyoto period.

This is because the United States (US), China, India and other major emitting countries have rejected any commitments in the post-Kyoto regime. The European Union (EU), Japan and other Annex I countries regard it as essential that these countries are committed in some way, and this needs to be negotiated in a formal session.

Since the US did not sign up to the Kyoto Protocol, this needs to be discussed at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Changes (UNFCCC) level (dialogue) with all the other parties to the Convention. Aside from the UNFCCC process, there is the G8, where in 2005, the United Kingdom (UK) government took the lead in establishing a Gleneagles Dialogue where the G8 countries + 5 major developing countries hold a dialogue to discuss about the future framework and send signals to the UNFCCC process. 4 dialogues are to take place, and at the 2008 G8 meeting, the host country Japan is to receive the report from the dialogues. Other forums to discuss about the future framework outside of the UNFCCC process are AP6, APEC, and others, but the formal negotiation should be at the UNFCCC and COPMOPs where all the parties are involved.

Under this project, WWF follows up all related international meetings that lead to formal UNFCCC negotiations on the new framework and lobbies the Japanese government to make an ambitious target for the mid-term and long-term to lead the negotiations, and also come up with a constructive outcome for the 2008 G8 meeting scheduled in Japan that will bring forth a forward looking negotiation at the UNFCCC level.

Objectives

- Influence governments to agree to a Bali Mandate at COP13/COPMOP3 to be held in Bali in 2007.

- Agree to have a global reduction framework including all major emitters such as the United States, China, India, Brazil, Mexico, South Africa and Korea.

- Send strong signals from various international meetings on climate change, such as the Gleneagles Dialogue, AP6 meeting, G8 meeting, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), and other related international events.

- Include a target to curb the temperature rise below 2 degrees Celsius in the government’s long-term goal.

Solution

- Follow up international negotiations on the future framework at various levels.

- Have a negotiation mandate at Bali, COP13/COPMOP3, to be concluded by 2008.

- Lobby the Japanese government so that a consensus will be agreed to have an ambitious mid and long-term reduction target at the 2008 G8 meeting hosted by Japan.

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