Despite the richness of this vast sub-region, daunting challenges exist. There is the sheer geographical scale, huge population growth, poor governance/legislation, climate change and over-exploitation of natural resources to feed rapidly increasing foreign and national demands. The region is one of the most vulnerable to climate change and climate variability; a challenge further aggravated by limited capacity to adequately adapt to the changes.
Ten years after the endorsement of the UN Millennium Development Goals, none of the six countries of the sub-region have made any significant progress towards Goal 7 on environmental sustainability. More importantly, the attitude towards natural resource management still heavily focuses on exploitative use. If any meaningful measurable success is to take root, natural resources must increasingly be views as socioeconomic capital.
WWF’s new integrated strategic plan for eastern and southern Africa focuses on delivering the following over the next five years:
- Improved conservation delivery at a scale that matters
- Empowered country offices with clear roles and responsibilities
- Improved governance, credibility, integrity and accountability
- Harmonized, aligned and coordinated interactions within WWF and other strategic partners.
- Increased cost-efficiency and reduced transaction costs