In the NAE, the complexity of environmental impacts of human activities driven by social processes, calls for a conservation strategy that addresses the root causes of biodiversity loss. This approach implies the engagement of a wide range of stakeholders and requires an increase of their institutional and individual capacities. Some of the priority actions identified by the NAE Program are:
- Concerted development and implementation of Land management and zoning plans.
- Promotion of sustainable rural production systems integrated to conservation areas.
- Development of models of integrated management and protection of fresh water resources.
- Development of economic tools for environmental services provided by production systems in forests and paramos.
- Strengthening technical capacity to reduce vulnerability to climate change.