Some of the leading threats to Bolivia's biodiversity and landscapes are agriculture and cattle ranching, illegal logging, oil and gas exploration and development, mining, and infrastructure development.
Environmental legislation varies greatly in Bolivia. Some of the laws to protect Bolivia's resources are excellent. A good example of such legislation is the Forestry Law, which is highly effective and is enforced. Currently, a Water Law is under development. Other laws, however, such as a Biodiversity Law and a Protected Areas Law are yet to be developed.
Many challenges ahead
The greatest challenge for Bolivia in terms of conservation is having the means to respond to the enormous responsibility of keeping its natural resources healthy and sustainably used.
Defining what and how much of its rich biodiverse areas to conserve is a crucial decision. The opportunities for conservation in Bolivia are numerous and WWF has much to offer Bolivia in its move toward national and global conservation.