- CBD. 2002. Bhutan National Biodiversity Action Plan.
Environmental problems in Bhutan
Trouble in the mountains
To make room for agriculture, forests are being felled in several parts of the country. The tropical and sub-tropical zones of the south and the temperate zones of the interior are particularly at risk.
Illegal logging of timber, over-exploitation of non-timber forest products, and forest fires are also drivers of deforestation in Bhutan.
In the wake of these activities, wildlife is forced to survive in increasingly fragmented spaces. Over time, this can lead to loss of biodiversity, and degradation of ecological services such as soil protection and erosion control.
Bhutan’s proximity to markets for parts or products made from wildlife is a major concern for species such as musk deer, tigers and leopards. With high prices being offered for these products, may people have taken up poaching to meet demand. In the long run, poaching could threaten the viability of the species that are much in demand because of unproven medicinal properties.