West African marine ecoregion (WAMER): facts & figures

Facts & figures on and about the area (2002)

Physical characteristics of the local coasts

Country

Coast length (km)

Continental shelf (km2)

Cape Verde

965

3,000

Mauritania

754

34,000

Senegal

718

24,000

Gambia

70

4,000

Guinea-Bissau

274

45,000

Guinea

300

52,000

Local social and economic indicators (2000)

Country

Population

Surface area (km2)

Population per sq. km

(1997)

Population growth

(% per year)

GNI per capita

(US$)

GDP

(billion US$)

Cape Verde

0.4 million

4,000

109

3.0

1,330

0.6

Mauritania

2.7 million

1,025,000

3

3.0

380

0.9

Senegal

9.5 million

196,700

49

3.0

500

4.4

Gambia

1.3 million

11,300

129

3.0

330

0.4

Guinea-Bissau

1.2 million

36,100

43

2.0

180

0.2

Guinea

7.4 million

245,900

30

2.0

450

3.1

GNI = Gross National Income, GDP = Gross Domestic Product

Artisanal fisheries in the ecoregion (1998)

Country

Capture by artisanal fisheries (tonnes)

Number of fishermen

Employment created in the fishing sector by artisanal fisheries (%)

Number of pirogues

Number of motorized pirogues

Cape Verde

5,100

5,670

20

1,400

980

Mauritania

10,000

10,000

33

3,000

-

Senegal

353,137

57,000

94

11,600

9,300

Gambia

25,806

5,000

17

1,785

542

Guinea-Bissau

3,049

4,500

11

1,760

343

Guinea

48,000

9,000

97

2,358

1,108

Source : FAO, IRD, CNSHB 1999.
Industrial fisheries in the surrounding ecoregion (1998)

Country

Capture by industrial fisheries (tonnes)

Number of domestic boats

Number of foreign boats

Cape Verde

3,900

5

-

Mauritania*

450,000

144

130?150

Senegal

55,784

158

124

Gambia

6,452

-

-

Guinea-Bissau

2,301

2

100

Guinea

42,496

14

158

TOTAL

182,935

309

412

* Data 2001. Source : FAO, IRD, CNSHB 1999
Turnover from fishing activities in surrounding countries

Country

Amount (US$)

Contribution of each country to the total turnover of fishing activities in the ecoregion (%)

Cape Verde

9,885,000

1.2

Mauritania

184,600,000

22.4

Senegal

475,120,207

57.7

Gambia

4,400,000

0.5

Guinea-Bissau

51,400,000

6.2

Guinea

98,455,579

12

Source : FAO, October 1999.

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