The problem: slash-and-burn agriculture
In combination with erosion, slash-and-burn agriculture has a dramatic effect on coastal ecosystems, as sedimentation results in the death of corals, because sunlight is being blocked from penetrating the water.
Slash-and-burn agriculture is also an important threat to the economic security of many local populations. This practice often leaves barren land where no crops or productive forests can grow anymore. Furthermore, the impact of slash-and-burn agriculture on coral reefs also impacts economic security of fishermen.
Slash-and-burn agriculture is practiced in remote areas, where the presence of authorities is scarce. It is very difficult to control by protected area managers, as it is done in remote places hidden by the vegetation, off the beaten paths and therefore difficult to detect from the ground.