With regard to elephants, re-location is technically possible, but there are very high costs associated with moving large numbers of elephants, a lack of areas where elephants could be moved to, and the possibility that elephants would return to the original sites (Cumming and Jones 2005). This method would also not resolve HWC in an area such as Caprivi where the elephants are not part of a stable resident population.

Stander (2005) suggests that re-location can be very effective for lions that can be described as "occasional raiders" rather than "problem animals" that habitually prey on livestock. Of 35 occasional raiders that were relocated, only two returned to the conflict area, while of 19 lions categorised as "problem animals" all returned to the conflict area and/or continued killing livestock.

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